Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/, al-BAY-nee-ə, or sometimes /ɔːlˈbeɪniə/, awl-BAY-nee-ə; Albanian:Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian:Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian:Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation:[ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72km (45mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which connects the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.
The toponymAlbania may indicate several different geographical regions: a country in the Balkans; an ancient land in the Caucasus; as well as Scotland, Albania being a Latinization of a Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba. This article will cover etymology, as well as trace the usage of the toponyms and related toponyms and ethnonyms from their earliest known occurrence down to present times.
Albania as the name of Caucasian Albania, a state and historical region of eastern Caucasus, that existed on the territory of present-day republic of Azerbaijan (where both of its capitals were located) and partially southern Dagestan.
However, unlike the names of the other two European countries, this name was an exonym given to them by the Romans, as no one knew what these inhabitants called themselves. Compare also the land in Caucasus called Iberia, with the Iberian peninsula in Europe.
Albania as the name of a region in the Balkans attested in Medieval Latin. It may derive from an ethnonym, Albanoi, the name of an Illyrian tribe.
Some linguists propose a derivation from the Proto-Indo-European root *albho-, which meant 'white'; referring perhaps to the snow-capped mountains of Albania.
Others think the source may be a non-Indo-European root *alb-, meaning "hill, mountain", also present in alp "mountain pasture".
A Changing Bilateral Rapport ...Iran already has advanced cyber capabilities, and it has shown a willingness to use them against foreign governments, as demonstrated in the cyberattack targeting Albania in summer 2022. Russia, a cyber superpower, can teach Iranian hackers plenty about conducting more sophisticated attacks against sensitive targets ... ....
RIYADH ...Hackers last month targeted Albania after Iranian diplomats were expelled from the country in response to a series of cyberattacks it claims were orchestrated by the Islamic Republic ... ....
In likely retaliation for the severing of relations, Iranian hackers again attacked Albania in early September, disabling certain systems used in border and customs processing ... to the attack being carried out, periodically stealing emails associated with the government of Albania.
CLARENCE, N.Y. (AP) — A 2,554-pound pumpkin grown in upstate New York has set a new U.S. record for the heaviest ... 16 ... In Other News. 1 ... 2 ... Albania denies police system was attacked by Iranian hackers ....
MIAMI GARDENS, Fla. (AP) — Dolphins quarterback Tua Tagovailoa has been ruled out for Sunday’s game at the New York Jets... He flew back to South Florida with the team that night ... “Right now he’s in the building," McDaniel said ... I know he’s going to be diligent with it.” ... ___ ... Credit. Joshua A ... 1 ... Albania denies police system was attacked by Iranian hackers.
In their latest breakthrough, Ukrainian forces penetrated Moscow’s defenses in the strategic southern Kherson region, one of the four areas in Ukraine that Russia is trying to grab and desperately defend ... It also has struck pontoon bridges that Russia has used to supply its troops ... —- ... ___ ... Albania denies police system was attacked by Iranian hackers.
Earlier last week, Albania cut diplomatic ties with Iran as a result of a major cyberattack that the Albanian government attributes to Iran ...Edi Rama, the Prime Minister of Albania, told the media that Iranian hackers had tried to disrupt government work, public services, and the erasure and theft of official data.
The US government is supporting Albania’s efforts to mitigate and recover." ... Albania severs ties with Iran... In August, the Mandiant cybersecurity company reported that it had linked the cyberattack against Albania to Iranian hackers, as the group behind the attack used tools commonly used by Iranian hacker groups.
TIRANA, Albania. Albania’s Interior Ministry said Saturday that one of its border systems was hit by a cyberattack that came from the same Iranian source as an earlier attack that led the country to break diplomatic relations with Iran... Albania, a NATO member, cut diplomatic ties with Iran and expelled its embassy staff this week.
Albania, a NATO member, cut diplomatic ties with Iran and expelled its embassy ...Microsoft, which assisted Albania in investigating the cyberattack, said in a blog post Thursday that it was moderately confident the hackers belong to a group that has been publicly linked to Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and Security.
History of tense relations between Albania and Iran...Days after the cyberattack Tirana-based media reported that hackers have published personal data of the opposition members that were saved on Albania's state computers such as personal, social and security numbers, names and photos.